Олимпиадные материалы для десятиклассников. Задания олимпиад, проводившихся среди учащихся 10-х классов, начиная с 2012 года. 

Writing a Comment — 1

Comment on the following extract.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace the Real Human Intelligence?

They say   Artificial Intelligence (AI) will soon replace many blue collar and white collar jobs.  Artificial Intelligence   is exhibiting a slow but continuous influence on the value and availability of work  - in the form of wages and the number of adult workers with full-time jobs. The widespread disappearance of jobs would result in a social transformation unlike anything we’ve ever  imagined. We observe entirely a new phase in history, one characterized by a steady and inevitable decline of jobs. The newest industries  mostly related to computer software, and telecommunications and similar industries, are the most labor efficient and don’t require many people. If  we  run out of jobs, what will our society look like without universal work?

The next-generation manager will view intelligent machines as colleagues. The reason is that there will be need for high social intelligence to collaborate effectively in teams and networks to use digital technologies to tap into the knowledge and judgment of partners, customers, external stakeholders and role models in other industries. When technology enables many people to have more information about themselves and others, it’ll be  easier to take a clear and more mature view of the workplace. Self-assessment tools, particularly those that enable people to diagnose what they do and how they do it, can help employees pinpoint their own productivity issues. They have less need for the watchful eyes of a manager. One could easily imagine that the “the end of management” is in sight.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2017/18, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 10

Answer the question and comment on the statement.

If now the computer already helps us to think, sometime it inevitably will start to think and act. What if created by hands and brains of the person the computer, really, unexpectedly will get out of control.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 12

Comment on the following extract.

Koalas Aren’t Extinct, but Their Future Is in Danger, Experts Say.

Claims that koalas were “functionally extinct” spread widely online as fires raged in Australia. With large areas of their crucial habitat ravaged, it is unclear what the future holds for a species that was already under threat before this round of bush fires. Some koalas have been rescued, and with blazes still burning, it is hard to know how many have been killed.

The phrase “functionally extinct” has recently made the rounds in news articles and on social media. The term refers to a species that no longer plays a role in an ecosystem or that is on its way to extinction, possibly irremovably.

In fact, koalas are not extinct. And some scientists warned that exaggeration can hurt, rather than help, conservation efforts. “What is particularly frustrating about the term ‘ functional extinction’ is it indicates a population that is basically past the point of no return, so it means that nothing really can be done,” said Jacquelyn Gill, professor of Biology and Ecology.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List, says the koala population is declining and vulnerable — but not endangered. Estimates range wildly, and every region is different. In some places, scientists say, koalas’ numbers have declined by up to 80 percent. Koalas evolved to exist alongside wildfires, but the animals are facing new threats from human development, which has dislocated local populations and impaired their ability to survive fires, as well as climate change.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2019/20, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 13

Comment on the following statement:

«Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference»

(Sir Winston Churchill)

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 14

Comment on the story in pictures.

В задании не указывался предполагаемый формат ответа и его объем.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2019/20, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 2

Comment on the story in pictures.

В задании не указывался предполагаемый формат ответа и его объем.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 3

Comment on the following statement:

«Plato is dear to me, but dearer still is truth»

(Aristotle)

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 4

Babies are born able to produce all of the sounds of all the world languages and ready to speak any of them.

Write down your ideas on this statement.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 5

Give up to 10 examples of healthy nutrition and eating habits.

(1) Not to eat after 6 o’clock

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 6

Comment on the following extract.

Is there necessarily a limit to human aging? The wish to extend the human lifespan has a long tradition in many cultures. Optimistic views of the possibility of achieving this goal through the latest developments in medicine feature increasingly in serious scientific and philosophical discussion. Focusing on interventions in biological ageing, one can distinguish between research that is first and foremost aimed at prolonging life by slowing or even arresting ageing processes and research that is directed at combating the diseases that seem to be intrinsically connected with biological ageing.

The papers nowadays don't argue that human lifespan is limitless. But they note that it's premature to accept that a maximum lifespan for humans exists. It's equally possible, they say, that humans will continu e to live longer, and therefore m ight survive beyond 115 years. It was reasonable that when everybody lived to 50 that the very long lived, for whatever reason—genetics or luck—would make it to 80. If people live on average to 80 or 90, like they do now, then the very long lived make it to 110 or 120. So , if the average lifespan keeps expanding, that would mean the long -lived would live even longer, beyond 115 years. But what happens if we all live to 100, 110, 120 or beyond? Society will obviously look very different and life may seem not too enjoyable.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 7

Read the fable and write down the moral it contains in the space below the fable.

The Ant and the Grasshopper Fable.

In the field one summer's day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart content. An Ant passed by, bearing along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest. “Why not come and chat with me,” said the Grasshopper, “instead of toiling and moiling in that way?”

“I'm helping to lay up food for winter,” said the Ant; “and recommend you to do the same.”

“Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper; “we have got plenty of food at present.”

But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.

When the winter came the Grasshopper had no food and found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer.

Then the Grasshopper knew what to do next autumn.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 8

Comment on the following quotation:

Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens

(Jim Hendrix)

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 9

Comment on the story in pictures.

В задании не указывался предполагаемый формат ответа и его объем.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2018/19, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 1

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • A chain is only as strong as its weakest link.
  • Revenge is a dish best served cold.
  • Too many cooks spoil the broth.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 2

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • A stitch in time saves nine.
  • You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.
  • Rob Peter to pay Paul.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 3

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
  • Once bitten, twice shy.
  • Every cloud has a silver lining.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 4

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
  • Two blacks don’t make a white.
  • The darkest hour is just before the dawn.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 5

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • There’s no smoke without fire.
  • Waste not want not.
  • People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Letter — 2

Task A: Advertisement

Choose one of the products from the pictures below and write an advertisement describing this product. In your advertisement:

  • mention at least 3 special features of the product;
  • make the product look attractive for the potential customer.

Make sure that your description matches the picture you have chosen. 

Write 100–120 words.

Product 1: Pyjamas

Product 2: Electric Toothbrush

Product 3: Wireless Headphones

Task B: Letter of Complaint

Now imagine that you are a customer who read the advertisement written in Task A. You got interested in the product and bought it. However, the purchase was disappointing. Write a letter of complaint to the manager of the company. In your letter:

  • complain about the quality of the product, comparing its real qualities with those listed in the advertisement;
  • ask for a solution that will suit you.

Write 150–180 words.

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Writing a News Report — 10

The newspaper you work for has asked you to cover the recent arrival of an alien ship. Write a news report in about 200–250 words.

Your news report should:

  • name the date and the place;
  • describe the event;
  • signify the importance of the event.

Make sure that all your descriptions match the picture below.

News Report встречался на олимпиадах «Покори Воробьёвы горы!» и «Ломоносов».

Образец ответа

Seattle receives extraterrestrial guests

A large alien spaceship appeared in the sky above Seattle, Washington, yesterday evening. After remaining stationary for several hours, it flew away, leaving no trace behind. More than 300,000 people witnessed the event.

Mr Cruncher, one of the first witnesses, reported having seen the spacecraft at about 6:15 p.m.: "It was an unusual shadow that caught my attention. I looked up — and there it was, enormous and intimidating!". The object, a grayish-white disc, about 200 meters in diameter, hung still in the air for nearly 5 hours. It was monitored constantly by 9 helicopters, sent by the local government.

In spite of close surveillance, very little information was gathered, since the interior of the ship was impenetrable. Neither was it possible to take samples of the materials composing the vessel (presumably, they are an alloy of steel and nickel). The ship showed no signs of working engines, therefore it remains unclear what kind of power it uses to travel throughout space. Another grey area is whether the spaceship was manned or controlled automatically.

The event received worldwide attention both in scientific communities and among ordinary people. This is the first time that the existence of aliens has been publicly witnessed and carefully documented. Scientists predict further visits which will throw new light on the event. "We finally know that we're not alone in the Universe, and further contacts are bound to be established", commented Mr. Daniel Flumpengo, a paranormal research expert in Stanford University.

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© Екатерина Яковлева, 2016–2019