Integrated Listening and Reading — 5

Источник задания: Всероссийская олимпиада школьников 2016/17, региональный этап

Read the text, then listen to a part of a lecture on the same topic. You will notice that some ideas coincide and some differ in them. Answer questions 1–10 by choosing if the idea is expressed in both materials, B if it can be found only in the reading text, C if it can be found only in the audio-recording, and D if neither of the materials expresses the idea.

Now you have 7 minutes to read the text.

THE TURING TEST

Do computers think? It isn't a new question. In fact, Alan Turing, a British mathematician, proposed an experiment to answer the question in 1950, and the test, known as the Turing Test, is still used today. In the experiment, a group of people are asked to interact with something in another room through a computer terminal. They don't know whether it is another person or a computer that they are interacting with. They can ask any questions that they want. They can type their questions onto a computer screen, or they can ask their questions by speaking into a microphone. In response, they see the answers on a computer screen or they hear them played back by a voice synthesizer. At the end of the test, the people have to decide whether they have been talking to a person or to a computer. If they judge the computer to be a person, or if they can't determine the difference, then the machine has passed the Turing Test.

Since 1950, a number of contests have been organized in which machines are challenged to the Turing Test. In 1990, Hugh Loebner sponsored a prize to be awarded by the Cambridge Center for Behavioral Studies - a gold medal and a cash award of $100,000 to the designer of the computer that could pass the Turing Test; however, so far, no computer has passed the test.

Now listen to a part of the lecture on the same topic and then do the task comparing the text above and the lecture. You will hear the lecture twice.

1. It is not quite clear whether computers can think.


A

B

C

D

2. Participants of an experiment can introduce their questions into a computer either by speaking or by typing.


A

B

C

D

3. If people take the computer for a human being, it will mean that the computer has passed the Turing Test.


A

B

C

D

4. The idea of challenging computers to the Turing Test is still alive.


A

B

C

D

5. Only one computer in the world has passed the Turing Test.


A

B

C

D

6. A prize of 100,000 US dollars sponsored by Hugh Loebner in 1990 was not awarded to any computer designer.


A

B

C

D

7. Some scholars doubt that the Turing Test can check what it claims to check.


A

B

C

D

8. The idea of the Chinese Room as a paradox isn't new.


A

B

C

D

9. An argument based on Chinese characters has been developed to show that the Turing Test isn't meaningful.


A

B

C

D

10. John Searle believes that the person who manipulates symbols without understanding them doesn't show adequate behavior.


A

B

C

D

© Екатерина Яковлева, 2016–2018