Integrated Listening and Reading — 6

Источник задания: Всероссийская олимпиада школьников 2015/16, региональный этап

Read the text about marsupials - the animals that carry their newly born babies in a pocket on the mother's body, then listen to a part of a lecture on a similar topic. You will notice that some ideas coincide and some differ in the two materials. Answer the questions by choosing A if the idea is expressed in both materials, B if it can be found only in the reading text, C if it can be found only in the audio-recording, and D if neither of the materials expresses the idea.

Now you have 7 minutes to read the text.

Marsupials

Marsupials are a group of mammals that are born alive after a very short gestation period. Since a marsupial appears quite early in its life cycle, it must complete its development while nursing. In order to survive, the young underdeveloped marsupial, immediately after its birth, must crawl over its mother's body to a fold of skin known as a pouch. During further development, which can last weeks or months, depending on the species, a marsupial nurses and grows inside the pouch. Most marsupials do not form family groups. It is the female marsupial that cares for the offspring. The young marsupial may stay with the mother for more than a year, climbing in and out of the pouch to nurse or sleep.

Although marsupials once ranged throughout North and South America, as well as in Antarctica, only a few species now live outside of New Zealand and Australia where more than 250 species are still found. There is quite a diversity of marsupials within these species, and they have adapted to a number of different habitats; however, some characteristics are universal among them. The senses of hearing and smell are very important to marsupials because they are nocturnal creatures that depend on their ears and nose to locate their food at night. Some marsupials prefer plants, although others eat insects or meat. Like other mammals, marsupials are covered with hair. Unlike other mammals, however, marsupials have additional bones to support the pouch, which is their unique adaptation.

Now listen to a part of the lecture on the same topic and then do the task comparing the text above and the lecture. You will hear the lecture twice.

1. The time spent by a marsupial in its mother's body before it is born is very short.


A

B

C

D

2. Babies of this species stay with their mother for a year or so and only then become independent.


A

B

C

D

3. Very few marsupials live in Eurasia.


A

B

C

D

4. Years ago these animals populated other continents though today most of them live in Australia and New Zealand.


A

B

C

D

5. When it is born, the animal is only 19 millimeters long and has no fur.


A

B

C

D

6. These animals sleep in the daytime and search for their food at night.


A

B

C

D

7. Of all types of food, it prefers the leaves of a particular plant.


A

B

C

D

8. These animals look like bears, though they belong to another group of mammals.


A

B

C

D

9. The skeleton of marsupials differs from that of other mammals, as it is adapted to reinforce the pouch.


A

B

C

D

10. The koala came to Australia from New Zealand.


A

B

C

D

© Екатерина Яковлева, 2016–2018