Олимпиадные материалы для десятиклассников. Задания олимпиад, проводившихся среди учащихся 10-х классов, начиная с 2012 года. 

Text Completion — 4

Reconstruct the missing parts of the article using the key words. More than one sentence can be written. The average number of words you should use is given in the brackets below.

“Added value. Celebrity couples: magic or misery?” 

For some celebrity couples, two really is better than one... but (single/suit/good) (10-13) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . Rosie Milner follows the changing profiles of some of the stars who have tried being part of a double act.

Gwyneth Paltrow and Chris Martin

Gwyneth was practically bom for Hollywood — her father was a film producer, her mother an actress, and Steven Spielberg is her godfather, (immaculate look, boyfriends, allegedly, ‘Ice Queen’, nickname, earn) (18-22) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ But soon after starting dating Coldplay singer Chris Martin, the usually polished Gwyneth was more regularly seen in jeans and trainers, carrying her yoga mat. Gwyneth turned from icy to cool as her look became more funky, and her image more down-to-earth — and of course her A-list glamour didn’t do scruffy Chris any harm! (now, London, prove, powerful, baby Apple) (15-20) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

Catherine Zeta Jones and Michael Douglas

Catherine Zeta Jones and Michael Douglas may seem like an unlikely couple. He is the son of actor Kirk Douglas, while she grew up in Swansea, Wales, (cut one’s teeth, British TV, unsuccessful, date, singing career) (25) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ He, meanwhile, began as an assistant director on his father’s films in the 1960s, and racked up a string of Oscars and Golden Globes for both his acting and producing. And then there’s the 25-year age gap. (engagement, cunningly calculated, to crowbar, Hollywood lenses) (25) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ But as the years go on, Douglas has got more wrinkly (despite the rumoured facelifts), and Catherine’s career has gone from hit to hit. She has now silenced her critics by winning an Oscar for her role in Chicago. Now the couple help boost each other’s profile — she benefited from her husband’s Hollywood status, and he can be proud not only of having a beautiful woman on his arm, but a talented one too.

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Writing a Comment — 1

Comment on the following extract.

Can Artificial Intelligence Replace the Real Human Intelligence?

They say   Artificial Intelligence (AI) will soon replace many blue collar and white collar jobs.  Artificial Intelligence   is exhibiting a slow but continuous influence on the value and availability of work  - in the form of wages and the number of adult workers with full-time jobs. The widespread disappearance of jobs would result in a social transformation unlike anything we’ve ever  imagined. We observe entirely a new phase in history, one characterized by a steady and inevitable decline of jobs. The newest industries  mostly related to computer software, and telecommunications and similar industries, are the most labor efficient and don’t require many people. If  we  run out of jobs, what will our society look like without universal work?

The next-generation manager will view intelligent machines as colleagues. The reason is that there will be need for high social intelligence to collaborate effectively in teams and networks to use digital technologies to tap into the knowledge and judgment of partners, customers, external stakeholders and role models in other industries. When technology enables many people to have more information about themselves and others, it’ll be  easier to take a clear and more mature view of the workplace. Self-assessment tools, particularly those that enable people to diagnose what they do and how they do it, can help employees pinpoint their own productivity issues. They have less need for the watchful eyes of a manager. One could easily imagine that the “the end of management” is in sight.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2017/18, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 10

Answer the question and comment on the statement.

If now the computer already helps us to think, sometime it inevitably will start to think and act. What if created by hands and brains of the person the computer, really, unexpectedly will get out of control.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 12

Comment on the following extract.

Koalas Aren’t Extinct, but Their Future Is in Danger, Experts Say.

Claims that koalas were “functionally extinct” spread widely online as fires raged in Australia. With large areas of their crucial habitat ravaged, it is unclear what the future holds for a species that was already under threat before this round of bush fires. Some koalas have been rescued, and with blazes still burning, it is hard to know how many have been killed.

The phrase “functionally extinct” has recently made the rounds in news articles and on social media. The term refers to a species that no longer plays a role in an ecosystem or that is on its way to extinction, possibly irremovably.

In fact, koalas are not extinct. And some scientists warned that exaggeration can hurt, rather than help, conservation efforts. “What is particularly frustrating about the term ‘ functional extinction’ is it indicates a population that is basically past the point of no return, so it means that nothing really can be done,” said Jacquelyn Gill, professor of Biology and Ecology.

The International Union for Conservation of Nature’s Red List, says the koala population is declining and vulnerable — but not endangered. Estimates range wildly, and every region is different. In some places, scientists say, koalas’ numbers have declined by up to 80 percent. Koalas evolved to exist alongside wildfires, but the animals are facing new threats from human development, which has dislocated local populations and impaired their ability to survive fires, as well as climate change.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2019/20, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 13

Comment on the following statement:

«Attitude is a little thing that makes a big difference»

(Sir Winston Churchill)

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 14

Comment on the story in pictures.

В задании не указывался предполагаемый формат ответа и его объем.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2019/20, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 2

Comment on the story in pictures.

В задании не указывался предполагаемый формат ответа и его объем.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 20

You are going to read an encyclopedic article on a famous artist. Using the information from the text or your background knowledge, explain why the works of art following the text could (or could not) be created by the said artist.

Banksy is an anonymous British graffiti artist known for his antiauthoritarian art, often done in public places.

Though Banksy’s identity was well guarded, he came to notice as a freehand graffiti artist in 1993. Using stencils since 2000 to enhance his speed, he developed a distinctive iconography of highly recognizable images, such as rats and policemen, that communicated his antiauthoritarian message. With wry wit and stealth, Bansky merged graffiti art with installation and performance. In the 2003 exhibition Turf War, Bansky painted on the bodies of live pigs. At his Crude Oils exhibition in London in 2005, which featured altered replicas of the works of Claude Monet, Vincent van Gogh, and Edward Hopper, he released 200 live rats in the gallery.

In 2005 Banksy painted a wall on the Palestinian side of the West Bank; on the viewer’s side, children play on a forelom patch of earth, while through an apparent hole in the wall there is a scene of a perfect tropical beach. Banksy described himself as a “quality vandal,” challenging the authority of political and art institutions on both the right and the left. In September 2006 his one-weekend Los Angeles warehouse installation Barely Legal, for which he decorated a live elephant, attracted large crowds despite a lack of publicity. In Bristol, Eng., in 2006 he depicted a naked man clinging to a windowsill on the side of a public family-planning clinic; local residents voted to keep the mural. In 2009 he staged a surprise show at the City Museum and Art Gallery in Bristol. It featured animatronics, oil paintings, and an old ice-cream truck.

Banksy’s books—which include Banging Your Head Against a Brick Wall (2001), Existencilism (2002), and Wall and Piece (2005)—document his projects; iconic examples of his work, including a life-size image of two policemen kissing, were featured in the bleak futuristic film Children of Men (2006). Banksy directed the 2010 film Exit Through the Gift Shop, a documentary that ostensibly profiled the lives and work of the world’s most talented graffiti artists. Critics were divided on the film, though, as some chose to accept it at face value while others saw it as a satire, with documentary subject and filmmaker-turned-street artist Thierry Guetta (who some theorized was an actor paid by Banksy or was, perhaps, Banksy himself) serving as a commentator on the commercialization of art.

 Peter Gibson, a spokesman for Keep Britain Tidy, asserts that Banksy’s work is simple vandalism, and Diane Shakespeare, an official for the same organisation, was quoted as saying: ”We are concerned that Banksy’s street art glorifies what is essentially vandalism.”

Banksy has also been long criticised for copying the work of Blek le Rat, who created the life-sized stencil technique in early 1980s Paris and used it to express a similar combination of political commentary and humorous imagery. Blek has praised Banksy for his contribution to urban art, but said in an interview for the documentary Graffiti Wars that some of Banksy’s more derivative work makes him "angry”, saying that "It’s difficult to find a technique and style in art so when you have a style and you see someone else is taking it and reproducing it, you don’t like that."

Some have criticised the "obviousness" of Banksy’s work and accused it of being "anarchy-lite" geared towards a middle class "hipster" audience. Much of this criticism came forward during his series of works in New York in 2013. Many New York street artists, such as TrustoCorp, criticised Banksy, and much of his work was defaced.

There exists a cult-like following for the artist. The ambiguity of his identity has drawn this group of followers. A concept, the "Banksy effect" has developed as a result of Banksy’s artistic innovation. This term is in reference to the artist’s ability to turn outsider art into the cultural mainstream. It was coined to reference the way in which Banksy’s work has led to an increased interest in street art. Street art has been incorporated into being a part of culture and daily life. His work in turn, has questioned the authenticity of art and its creators, furthering the cultural debate that has existed for centuries.

In January 2011, he was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Documentary for Exit Through the Gift Shop. In 2014, he was awarded Person of the Year at the 2014 Webby Awards. In 2014, young adults from abroad named Banksy a British cultural icon in a list that included William Shakespeare, Queen Elizabeth II, David Beckham, The Beatles, Charlie Chaplin, J. K. Rowling, Elton John, and Adele.

Although he was increasingly famous, Banksy remained anonymous; his rare interviews were conducted via e-mail or with responses delivered by an altered voice on tape. He remained committed to street art, declaring that life in a city in which graffiti was legal would be “like a party where everyone was invited.”

Look at the following works of art. Could they be created by Banksy? Explain why/why not. Pay special attention to the message of the artwork. Write 100-120 words.

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Writing a Comment — 3

Comment on the following statement:

«Plato is dear to me, but dearer still is truth»

(Aristotle)

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 4

Babies are born able to produce all of the sounds of all the world languages and ready to speak any of them.

Write down your ideas on this statement.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 5

Give up to 10 examples of healthy nutrition and eating habits.

(1) Not to eat after 6 o’clock

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2017/18, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Comment — 6

Comment on the following extract.

Is there necessarily a limit to human aging? The wish to extend the human lifespan has a long tradition in many cultures. Optimistic views of the possibility of achieving this goal through the latest developments in medicine feature increasingly in serious scientific and philosophical discussion. Focusing on interventions in biological ageing, one can distinguish between research that is first and foremost aimed at prolonging life by slowing or even arresting ageing processes and research that is directed at combating the diseases that seem to be intrinsically connected with biological ageing.

The papers nowadays don't argue that human lifespan is limitless. But they note that it's premature to accept that a maximum lifespan for humans exists. It's equally possible, they say, that humans will continu e to live longer, and therefore m ight survive beyond 115 years. It was reasonable that when everybody lived to 50 that the very long lived, for whatever reason—genetics or luck—would make it to 80. If people live on average to 80 or 90, like they do now, then the very long lived make it to 110 or 120. So , if the average lifespan keeps expanding, that would mean the long -lived would live even longer, beyond 115 years. But what happens if we all live to 100, 110, 120 or beyond? Society will obviously look very different and life may seem not too enjoyable.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 7

Read the fable and write down the moral it contains in the space below the fable.

The Ant and the Grasshopper Fable.

In the field one summer's day a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart content. An Ant passed by, bearing along with great toil an ear of corn he was taking to the nest. “Why not come and chat with me,” said the Grasshopper, “instead of toiling and moiling in that way?”

“I'm helping to lay up food for winter,” said the Ant; “and recommend you to do the same.”

“Why bother about winter?” said the Grasshopper; “we have got plenty of food at present.”

But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.

When the winter came the Grasshopper had no food and found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer.

Then the Grasshopper knew what to do next autumn.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 8

Comment on the following quotation:

Knowledge speaks, but wisdom listens

(Jim Hendrix)

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

СПбГУ, финал 2018/19, 10–11 классы.

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Writing a Comment — 9

Comment on the story in pictures.

В задании не указывался предполагаемый формат ответа и его объем.

Источник (по ссылке загрузится .zip):

Финал олимпиады СПбГУ 2018/19, 10–11 классы, вариант 1.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 1

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • A chain is only as strong as its weakest link.
  • Revenge is a dish best served cold.
  • Too many cooks spoil the broth.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 2

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • A stitch in time saves nine.
  • You can’t teach an old dog new tricks.
  • Rob Peter to pay Paul.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 3

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • When in Rome, do as the Romans do.
  • Once bitten, twice shy.
  • Every cloud has a silver lining.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 4

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • Beauty is in the eye of the beholder.
  • Two blacks don’t make a white.
  • The darkest hour is just before the dawn.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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Writing a Fairy Tale — 5

Compose a fairy tale based on oneof the given sayings:

  • There’s no smoke without fire.
  • Waste not want not.
  • People who live in glass houses shouldn’t throw stones.

Use your imagination. Your fairy tale must have:

  • Title
  • Good and bad characters
  • Setting (when and where the story is taking place)
  • Plot (sequence of ordered events)
  • Morale (which supports the saying)

You should write 200–250 words.

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© Екатерина Яковлева, 2016–2021